To: Balázs-Árpád Izsák, Attila Dabis
Subiect: Your request for registration of a proposed citizens' initiative
Title: of proposed citizens' initiative: "Cohesion policy for the equality of the regions and sustainability of the regional cultures"
Date: of request for registration: 18/06/2013 European Commission
The Secretary General
C(2013) 4975 final
I refer to the request for registration of 18 June 2013 of a proposed citizens' initiative entitled "Cohesion policy for the equality of the regions and sustainability of the regional cultures".
As stated in Article 4(2) of Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on the citizens' initiative, the Commission shall register a proposed citizens' initiative Within two months from the receipt of the relevant information, provided that the following conditions are fulfilled:
- the citizens' committee has been formed and the Contact persons have been designated in accordance with Article 3(2) of Regulation (EU) N o 211/2011;
- the proposed citizens' initiative does not manifestly fall outside the framework of the Commission's powers to submit a proposal for a legal act of the Union for the purpose of implementing the Treaties;
- the proposed citizens' initiative is not manifestly abusive, frivolous or vexatious; and
- the proposed citizens' initiative is not manifestly contrary to the values of the Union as set out in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU).
The Commission has examined your proposed citizens' initiative to ascertain Whether it meets these conditions as laid down in the above-mentioned Regulation.
I regret to inform you that, further to this examination, the Commission hereby refuses the registration of this proposed initiative on the grounds that it falls manifestly outside the framework of the Commission's powers to submit a proposal for a legal act of the Union for the purpose of implementing the Treaties.
The in-depth examination of the provisions of the Treaties that you suggested and of all other possible legal bases has led to this conclusion.
The main objective of your proposed initiative is to ensure the "equality of the regions and sustainability of the regional cultures" by paying "special attention to regions with national, ethnic, cultural, religious or linguistic characteristics that are different from those of the surrounding regions". You propose Articles 2 and 3 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) as Well as Articles 153, 167, 170, 174, 176, 177 and 178 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (TFEU) as possible legal bases for your initiative.
In order to reach this Objective, as described in the request for registration and the background document, you propose that the requested legal act includes three precise points aimed at, namely:
- ensuring that Member States entirely fulfil their international commitments regarding national minorities;
- defining the concept of "national" regions, i.c "regions with national, ethnic, cultural, religious or linguistic characteristics that are different from those of the surrounding regions";
- identifying the "national" regions name-by-name, taking into account the criteria in the listed international documents, and the will of the relevant communities.
With regard to the first point, neither the Treaty on European Union, nor the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union provide a legal basis for adopting a legal act allowing to ensure that Member States fulfil their international commitments regarding national minorities.
According to your request, the second and third points above are necessary in order to pay special attention to the regions concerned in the context of the EU cohesion policy. However, any measure adopted under the cohesion policy legal bases of Articles 177 and 178 TFEU are limited to achieving the objective of strengthening economic, social and territorial cohesion as referred to in Article 174 TFEU. Promoting the conditions of national minorities cannot be understood as helping to reduce "disparities as to the level of development between regions" and underdevelopment of certain regions, as set out in Article 174(2) TFEU. In that respect, the list of "disadvantages" set out in Article l74(3) TPEU that trigger an obligation to pay "particular attention" to a given region is exhaustive. Therefore Articles 174, 176, 177 and 178 TFEU cannot constitute legal bases to adopt the proposed legal act.
Irrespective of their field of action (thus including that of cohesion policy), the Union institutions are bound to respect "cultural and linguistic diversity" (Article 3(3) TEU) and to refrain from discrimination based on "membership of a national minority" (Article 21(1) Charter). However, none of these provisions constitutes a legal basis for whatever action by the institutions.
In addition, Article 2 TEU cannot be a legal basis for proposing legislation. Articles 153, 167 and 170 TFEU cannot either constitute legal bases for the proposed legislation as it would not contribute to any of the objectives of the policies set out in these provisions.
In conclusion, the Commission considers that there is no legal basis in the Treaties which would allow a proposal for a legal act with the content you envisage.
For these reasons, your proposed citizens' initiative falls manifestly outside the framework of the Commission's powers to submit a proposal for a legal act of the Union for the purpose of implementing the Treaties.
Should you wish to appeal against this decision, We would like to draw your attention to the means of redress available.
You may either:
- Bring proceedings before the General Court under the conditions specified in Article 263 of the TFEU; or
- If you wish to complain about maladministration, file a complaint with the European Ombudsman under the conditions specified in Article 228 of the TFEU
Please note that this letter will be published on the Commission's website for the citizens' initiative in order to inform the public of this decision in a transparent way.