European movement for protecting national regions

EU legal act for the equality of the regions and the sustainability of the regional cultures!

European Citizens' Initiative • Europako Hiritarren Ekimena • Европейска гражданска инициатива • Evropská občanská iniciativa • De europæiske borgerinitiativ • Euroopa kodanikualgatus • Eurooppalainen kansalaisaloite • L'initiative citoyenne européenne • Iniciativa dos cidadáns europeos • Πρωτοβουλία των Ευρωπαίων Πολιτών • Europees Burgerinitiatief • Europska Građanske inicijative • Tionscnamh Eorpach na Saorámach • Evrópskra ríkisborgara Initiative • Iniciativa Ciutadana Europea • Europejska Inicjatywa Obywatelska • Eiropas pilsoņu iniciatīva • Eiropas pilsoņu iniciatīva • Inizjattiva taċ-Ċittadini Ewropej • Európai polgári kezdeményezés • Europäische Bürgerinitiative • Iniziativa dei cittadini europei • Европейская гражданская инициатива • *Iniciativa dos Cidadãos Europeus • Iniciativa Ciudadana Europea • Iniţiativa cetăţenească europeană • Europeiska medborgarinitiativet • Európska občianska iniciatíva • Evropska državljanska pobuda • Avrupa Vatandaş Girişimi • Menter Dinasyddion Ewropeaidd

Direct democracy and the EU  For the rights of national regions  European citizens' initiative for the equuality of regions  Be our volunteer! Support form I support it
Required information Detailed information Citizens' committee Supporters News


The 15th of August 2014

From: Oana Maria Brâncoveanu - Public Relations and Communication Directorate
To: Mr. Balázs Izsák, President of the Szekler National Council

Mr. President,

With regards to your letter, registered as number 16/20.06.7014 we inform you that we reserve our position expressed in our letter from May.

With regards to your request to the Prime Minister to withdraw Romania’s application to intervene in case T-529/13, we would like to inform you that the application to intervene in this case, submitted to the General Court of the European Union is purely procedural, and it’s purpose is to prevent the extension of the competences of the EU through judicial means, to areas that fall under the sovereignty of the Member States, such as the protection of the rights of national minorities. We consider that the treaties do not provide the EU any competences in this area, as we made it clear also in our written motivation submitted to the General Court of the European Union on the 25th of June 2014. We greatly appreciate the institution of the European Citizens' Initiative, which is defined as a tool that can contribute to the strengthening of democracy in the European Union, and we encourage the use of this tool by the EU citizens. However, we cannot accept the use of this tool in order to expand the rights of the EU, as laid down by the treaties.

With respect,
Oana Maria Brâncoveanu
* * *
The 15th of August 2014

Answer to the government's letter

To Prime Minister Victor Ponta
Esteemed Prime Minister

On this April the 14th this year, as representative of the citizens’ committee which launched the citizens’ initiative titled “Cohesion Policy for the Equality of Regions and the Sustainability of Regional Cultures”, I’ve requested you to withdraw Romania’s application to intervene in case number T-529/13 of the General Court of the European Union. In Your letter, dated August the 1st You rejected our request, with the claim that the purpose of the intervention is “preventing the extension of EU competence through judrisdictional means to areas that fall under the sovereignty of the Member States, such as the protection of the rights of national minorities”.

Related to this, we would like to stress that:

1. The mentioned initiative concerns the EU’s cohesion policy, not the rights of the national minorities. In this respect, Romania’s intervention is based on an incorrect interpretation of the initiative; therefore the argumentation of the application for intervention is irrelevant.

2. The “extension of EU competence through jurisdictional means” is impossible. Extension of the competences of the EU is possible only by amending the Treaties on the European Union which is beyond the framework of a judicial process, or a citizens’ initiative. The General Court of the European Union may not modify the treaties, therefore Romania’s request to intervene is unnecessary.

3. Back in April, we pointed out in our letter, that our initiative aims to improve the cohesion policies of the EU and the functioning of the Union as well, with a positive impact on preserving Europe’s cultural diversity. In our vision, the success of the concerned initiative is in the interest of every member state, including Romania. From this perspective, it would’ve been reasonable and helpful, if the Romanian Government would interfere on the side of the applicants, rather than the defendant Commission. A contrary approach could only be interpreted as having hidden motives, such as the forced assimilation of the Hungarian communities in Romania, and mainly the Szekler community, that is in majority in Szeklerland.

4. For keeping the DAHR in the government, Mr. Prime Minister, you have made a promise that Romania will not submit her motivation to in another case regarding a citizens’ initiative which indeed does concern the rights of national minorities. Yet, you have already made this step in our case. Such degree of inconsistency before the General Court of the European Union casts doubt on the credibility of the intervening party.

With due respect
Izsák Balázs
President of the Szekler National Council
Targu-Mures/Marosvásárhely, the 14th of August 2014
* * *
The 29th of April 2014

SZNT Welcomes Covasna Joining Suit Against European Commission

A recent decision by Romania's Covasna (Kovaszna) county to join the Szekler National Council (SZNT) in its suit against the European Commission is "positive feedback", David Sobor, the attorney representing SZNT, told MTI last week.

The Covasna decision indicates that municipalities in the county have realised the importance of SZNT's initiative aimed at achieving increased European focus to ethnic, cultural, religious, or lingustic minorities, the attorney said.

SZNT head Balazs Izsak and Attila Dabis, the council's secretary for foreign affairs, filed the suit last August after the EC had turned down SZNT's appeal for registration of the civil initiative under which SZNT could have launched a signature drive. Under European rules, one million signatures in support of an initiative are required for the European Parliament to pass relevant legislation.

Sobor said that similarly to Szekler Land in Romania several other European regions are characterised by ethnic, cultural, religious, or linguistic features, and said that other parties may also indicate their wish to get involved in the procedure supporting one or the other side.

Earlier, Slovakia, Greece, and Romania applied to join the EC in the case while Hungary supported SZNT.

The interest expressed by those countries in the case also proves that the issue is an all-European one, to be discussed at European forums, Sobor said.

(Source: MTI)
* * *
The 25th of July 2013

To: Balázs-Árpád Izsák, Attila Dabis
Subiect: Your request for registration of a proposed citizens' initiative
Title: of proposed citizens' initiative: "Cohesion policy for the equality of the regions and sustainability of the regional cultures"
Date: of request for registration: 18/06/2013
European Commission
The Secretary General
Brussels, 25.7.2013
C(2013) 4975 final

Dear organisers,

I refer to the request for registration of 18 June 2013 of a proposed citizens' initiative entitled "Cohesion policy for the equality of the regions and sustainability of the regional cultures".

As stated in Article 4(2) of Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on the citizens' initiative, the Commission shall register a proposed citizens' initiative Within two months from the receipt of the relevant information, provided that the following conditions are fulfilled:

(a) the citizens' committee has been formed and the Contact persons have been designated in accordance with Article 3(2) of Regulation (EU) N o 211/2011;

(b) the proposed citizens' initiative does not manifestly fall outside the framework of the Commission's powers to submit a proposal for a legal act of the Union for the purpose of implementing the Treaties;

(c) the proposed citizens' initiative is not manifestly abusive, frivolous or vexatious; and

(d) the proposed citizens' initiative is not manifestly contrary to the values of the Union as set out in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU).

The Commission has examined your proposed citizens' initiative to ascertain Whether it meets these conditions as laid down in the above-mentioned Regulation.

I regret to inform you that, further to this examination, the Commission hereby refuses the registration of this proposed initiative on the grounds that it falls manifestly outside the framework of the Commission's powers to submit a proposal for a legal act of the Union for the purpose of implementing the Treaties.

The in-depth examination of the provisions of the Treaties that you suggested and of all other possible legal bases has led to this conclusion.

The main objective of your proposed initiative is to ensure the "equality of the regions and sustainability of the regional cultures" by paying "special attention to regions with national, ethnic, cultural, religious or linguistic characteristics that are different from those of the surrounding regions". You propose Articles 2 and 3 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) as Well as Articles 153, 167, 170, 174, 176, 177 and 178 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (TFEU) as possible legal bases for your initiative.

In order to reach this Objective, as described in the request for registration and the background document, you propose that the requested legal act includes three precise points aimed at, namely:

l) ensuring that Member States entirely fulfil their international commitments regarding national minorities;

2) defining the concept of "national" regions, i.c "regions with national, ethnic, cultural, religious or linguistic characteristics that are different from those of the surrounding regions";

3) identifying the "national" regions name-by-name, taking into account the criteria in the listed international documents, and the will of the relevant communities.

With regard to the first point, neither the Treaty on European Union, nor the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union provide a legal basis for adopting a legal act allowing to ensure that Member States fulfil their international commitments regarding national minorities.

According to your request, the second and third points above are necessary in order to pay special attention to the regions concerned in the context of the EU cohesion policy. However, any measure adopted under the cohesion policy legal bases of Articles 177 and 178 TFEU are limited to achieving the objective of strengthening economic, social and territorial cohesion as referred to in Article 174 TFEU. Promoting the conditions of national minorities cannot be understood as helping to reduce "disparities as to the level of development between regions" and underdevelopment of certain regions, as set out in Article 174(2) TFEU. In that respect, the list of "disadvantages" set out in Article l74(3) TPEU that trigger an obligation to pay "particular attention" to a given region is exhaustive. Therefore Articles 174, 176, 177 and 178 TFEU cannot constitute legal bases to adopt the proposed legal act.

Irrespective of their field of action (thus including that of cohesion policy), the Union institutions are bound to respect "cultural and linguistic diversity" (Article 3(3) TEU) and to refrain from discrimination based on "membership of a national minority" (Article 21(1) Charter). However, none of these provisions constitutes a legal basis for whatever action by the institutions.

In addition, Article 2 TEU cannot be a legal basis for proposing legislation. Articles 153, 167 and 170 TFEU cannot either constitute legal bases for the proposed legislation as it would not contribute to any of the objectives of the policies set out in these provisions.

In conclusion, the Commission considers that there is no legal basis in the Treaties which would allow a proposal for a legal act with the content you envisage.

For these reasons, your proposed citizens' initiative falls manifestly outside the framework of the Commission's powers to submit a proposal for a legal act of the Union for the purpose of implementing the Treaties.

Should you wish to appeal against this decision, We would like to draw your attention to the means of redress available.

You may either:

- Bring proceedings before the General Court under the conditions specified in Article 263 of the TFEU; or

- If you wish to complain about maladministration, file a complaint with the European Ombudsman under the conditions specified in Article 228 of the TFEU

Please note that this letter will be published on the Commission's website for the citizens' initiative in order to inform the public of this decision in a transparent way.

Yours faithfully,
Catherine Day

* * *
The 18th of June 2013

This morning the initiative was supplied to the European Commission, using the online possibility offered by the Commission.

The Commission confirmed this through an email sent to Mr. Balázs Izsák, the representative of the citizens' committee. They also communicated, that the initiative will be examined and at least on the 18th of August the initiators will receive an official answer, whether the initiative complies with the formal conditions and therefore will be registered.

© 2020 All rights reserved.
Direct democracy and the EUFor the rights of national regionsRequired informationDetailed informationCitizens' committeeSupportersNewsBe our volunteer!
Szekler National CouncilEuzko Alderdi JeltzaleaDemocratic Convergence of CataloniaHunagrian Civic PartyHungarian National
Council of Transylvania
Transylvanian Hungarian Peoples PartyDemocratic Alliance of Hungarians in RomaniaParty of Hungarian CommunityHungarian Christian Democratic Alliance
European Free AllianceFederal Union of European Nationalities
Municipality of BudapestMunicipality of Gyergyó-
Municipality of CsíkszeredaMunicipality of Sepsiszent-
Municipality of VácNational Association of Szeklers from BukovinaSociety for Hungarians of the Carpathian BasinSociety for SzeklerlandMunicipality of KézdivásárhelyMunicipality of Farkaslaka
Municipality of KerepesMunicipality of TörökbálintRákóczi AssociationMunicipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Budapest, XV. kerület
Municipality of
Municipality of
Citizens' Initiative for a better Komárom
The Sepsireform AssociationMunicipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
The National Association of the Transylvanian circlesMunicipality of
Association for the Transylvanian HungariansHungarian Civic Circle Civil AssociationCivil Organizations Federation of Covasna County
Eudoxia 20 FoundationMunicipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Union of Transylvania family associationsAssociation of Transylvanian extended familiesHungarian Castle FoundationMunicipality of the XXII'nd District of Budapest - Budafok-TétényYOU ARE IMPORTANT!© Movement
Municipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Sudetendeutsche LandsmannschaftMunicipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Hunnia Baráti KörMunicipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of
Municipality of DunaszerdahelyMunicipality of Újpest
Municipality of DunakesziMunicipality of TataKereztény Értelmiségiek Szövetsége